Professor Rosaleen Duffy has published a new paper in Global Environmental Politics.
The paper brings together political ecology, securitisation theory and environmental geopolitics to understand current debates about IWT as a security threat. In the paper she develops the debates in political ecology on militarisation of conservation by placing dynamics on the ground in the context of the global flows of finance from donors and NGOs for tackling IWT as a matter of crime and security.
Duffy, Rosaleen (2022) Crime, Security, and Illegal Wildlife Trade: Political Ecologies of International Conservation. Global Environmental Politics
This paper takes a political ecology approach to understanding the integration of conservation with security in tackling the illegal wildlife trade. It builds on political ecology debates on militarization by connecting it to the dynamics of global environmental politics, specifically the discursive and material support from donors, governments and conservation NGOs. The combined effects of a highly competitive funding environment and security concerns of governments has produced a context in which NGOs strategically invoke the idea of the illegal wildlife trade as a security threat. For donors and governments, tackling the illegal wildlife trade is a means through which they can address security threats. However, this has material outcomes for marginalized peoples living with wildlife, including militarization, human rights abuses, enhanced surveillance and law enforcement.
You can access the paper here
It is not Open Access, so if you would like a copy please email Rosaleen or DM on twitter @biosec_erc