BIOSEC – Biodiversity and Security: Understanding Environmental Crime, illegal wildlife trade and threat finance – is a four-year project, funded by a EURO 1.8million European Research Council (ERC) Advanced Investigator Grant.
Running until August 2020, BIOSEC will look into what constitutes an environmental crime, the responses by the European Union to the illegal wildlife trade, and how new technology is being used to tackle poaching and trafficking. The project aims to generate new data on the illegal wildlife trade to demonstrate the ways that biodiversity protection and security are linked, as well as providing new approaches to understanding the links between the two.
With policy-makers urgently needing more information in order to design more effective and socially just responses, the BIOSEC project team will also produce policy relevant information to assist and support in practical actions to protect wildlife across the globe.
Our main research question is:
Are concerns about protecting biodiversity and global security becoming integrated? And if so, in what ways?
We aim to answer this by focusing in five sub-questions.
- What is an environmental crime? In what ways are biodiversity losses as a result of illegal wildlife trade being defined as global security threats?
- How does an environmental crime approach to illegal wildlife trade change our understanding of security?
- What is the nature of the EU policy response to illegal wildlife trafficking?
- How are new technologies from the security sector being used to tackle wildlife trafficking?
- How does an environmental crime approach to wildlife trafficking shape responses in source and end user countries?